Stiftelsen Skånsk Framtid

The History of Scania in a nutshell



Opposing Swedish authorities

1276 - 1710When the Swedish and Danish kings went to war against one another, Scania always was their battleground. Between 1276 and 1710, Scania was ravaged over and over again. During this period, every single Swedish regent made war, burned and pillaged Scania.


The Freedom Fighters

1658 - 1680 After the peace of Roskilde, the government breaks the treaty on freedom and self-government for Scania. It is decided that Scania is to be "swedenised". The populace fights back and revolts against the Swedish occupation army. All resistance against the Swedes is declared criminal, and those in opposition, regardless of their position in society, are given the degrading and humiliating title of "snapphanar".

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The tragedy

1658 - 1720 During the 60 years following the Peace Treaty of Roskilde, 1658 - 1720, the population of Scania was reduced by at least 40%, as a result of the mass executions, forced emigration, refugee movement to Denmark, starvation and illness.


The Iron Curtain

1680 - 1844 Karl XI turns the Sound into an "iron curtain", and in 1684 forbids printing and import of Danish (Scanian) books. Trade and westward contacts were prohibited. Those who attempted to get in touch with Denmark risk their lives. The "iron curtain" is in function until 1844, and during this long period of time, cultural darkness descends upon Scania.


The Brain wash

1680 - onwards Due to the brutal politics of re-nationalisation, the population of the 16th century finds itself in cultural poverty. Stockholm breaks all treaties and agreements from March 1658 onwards. Swedish maps before 1720 name the provinces of Skåne, Halland and Blekinge "Scania" (Skåneland). After 1720, the area is re-named and from then on called Southern Götaland.


The Insurrection

1811 In the massacre of Klågerup, on June 15 1811, 800 Scanian farmers rose with pitchforks against Swedish canons. There was no pardon given on this event, which has never been mentioned in Scanian history books. The cause of the revolt was a combination of social grievances and Scanian freedom seeking factors.


Scandinavianism

1828 - 1864 Scandinavianism as a phenomenon appears in Lund in 1829. It has a particularly strong following in Scania. A large brotherhood festivity is held on New Year's Eve 1837- 38. Through Scandinavianism, the Scanian-Nordic Union ideas dating back to 1332, is resumed. Scandinavianism was undermined when Sweden abandoned Denmark in the war against Prussia/Austria in 1864.


The Awakening

1883 - 1960s The barrier in the Sound is broken and Scania slowly begins to wake up from its doze. After 200 years of almost complete silence, due to the Swedish language "reform", a new Scania based literature begins to appear, and in 1893 a Scanian flag is re-introduced. The flag has its roots in the banner of processions of the Lundian Archbishop, a golden cross on a red ground. dating back to the 10th century.


The Central State

1867 - onwards Sweden develops into a modern state, with a strong central government in Stockholm. The "swedenisation" process is greatly achieved through the use of Radio & TV, through the education system and the bureaucracy of the public sector. The history of Scania was and remains unwritten and unknown to most of the Scanian people. Through self-censorship and cultural treachery, many Scanians accept the false new identity. Scanian culture is called "Southern Swedish", and only purely folkloristic details are accepted.


The Present Time

From 1990 into the 21st Century The Scanian people, in general, is presently unaware of their own historical background. The history of the central region in Sweden is presented as if it also is the history of Scania. Swedish kings, who never reigned in Scania, are glorified.

Monuments to honour Scania's conquerors have been erected in many places and are still present on the Scanian streets and squares. Cultural objects in large numbers have been moved to Stockholm.

However, more and more Scanians are beginning to awake and see the necessity of re-establishing their own culture and regaining their own Scanian identity. A growing dis-satisfaction with the dominance of Stockholm is present. In Scania, decentralisation or regionalisation is becoming more and more recognised as advantageous to both Scania, Sweden and the entire Scandinavia.


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